The nations on the list are assessed on the basis of per capita energy consumption, as well as their strategies to reduce it, the percentage of renewable energy in the energy mix, the pace of clean expansion and what policy makers are doing to implement the climate change agreement in Switzerland and abroad. According to the Germanwatch and NewClimate Institute Climate Change Performance Index, no country has yet met the paris agreement targets. Experts continue to give Sweden a high overall score, which includes an average rating for national climate policy efforts and a very high international rating. This last point reflects the country`s progressive role, both at EU level, where the country has strongly advocated a 60% emissions reduction target, and at the global level, particularly for its contribution to the Green Climate Fund. At the national level, experts acknowledge the overall strength of Sweden`s climate ambitions, which is reflected in its commitment to zero net emissions by 2045, as well as its policy enshrined in the country`s climate law. However, experts believe that considerable space and improvements are needed, reflecting, for example, the increase in emissions from household waste and the weak state incentives for energy efficiency, where, according to CCPI data, the country has significant deficits. Experts therefore call for an energy efficiency target explicitly stated instead of the energy intensity target currently being achieved. Overall, experts believe that Sweden is capable of achieving near-zero emissions by 2030 and therefore calls on it to do so and adapt its policies, particularly in the areas of renewable energy, energy efficiency and non-energy. As in previous years, the country has performed highly in terms of thG emissions, renewable energy and climate policy performance. However, it is still not able to improve its low performance in the energy consumption category. Sweden`s last coal-fired power plant has not been shut down this year, but the country has set a good example for the world, with a high carbon tax of around 115 euros per tonne, prompting the development of alternatives to coal, oil and gas.
Only very high energy consumption per capita prevented an even better investment. In the area of climate policy, no country has received a very high rating for this category, although Portugal, Finland, Sweden and Norway have achieved a very high score for their international performance in climate policy.