What Were The Terms Of The Ceasefire Agreement

Under the agreement, the two belligerents pledged to exchange prisoners of war and the dead. In addition, Armenian troops were to withdraw from Armenian-occupied territories around Nagorno-Karabakh by 1 December. A Russian peacekeeping force of about 2,000 Russian ground forces was to be deployed to the region for at least five years, with one of its missions being the protection of the Lachin Corridor, which connects Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh region. In addition, Armenia is committed to ensuring the “security” of the passage between the mainland of Azerbaijan and its enclave of Nakhchivan by a strip of land in Syunik province, Armenia. The border forces of the Russian FSB would exercise control of the transport communication. [5] [6] [7] Colletta, Nat. (2011). The mediation of ceasefire agreements and the end of hostilities as part of the peace processes. In Peacemaking: From Practice to Theory. Praeger, 135-147.

Therefore, when a pause in fighting was seen as an urgent necessity due to the failure of the Geneva III talks and the tense situation in the region, US-Russian negotiators deliberately stayed away from the concept of a ceasefire. To appease the opposition, they opted for a term with less baggage: the cessation of hostilities. Parties to the conflict may consider a ceasefire for both tactical and strategic reasons. Understanding this reasoning is the key to understanding the political compromise that the parties might consider when negotiating the details of an agreement. The parties may need a pause to support their fighters, or they would like to determine the command and control of the other party over their troops, other than their willingness to negotiate politically. The question will be whether negotiators have sufficient influence within their own party or whether they are able to make relevant decisions on behalf of the party to the conflict they represent. It is also essential to understand who the negotiating teams report to and how they are engaged to ensure buy-in. During the First World War, on December 24, 1914, there was an unofficial ceasefire on the Western Front when France, Britain and Germany kept Christmas. According to some reports, the unofficial ceasefire took place all week before Christmas and that British and German troops exchanged salutes and seasonal songs between their trenches. [8] The truce was brief, but spontaneous. When German soldiers burned Christmas trees, it quickly spread to the Western Front. [9] One report described the evolution in the following words: In a further turn, the U.S.

government recently began using the Arabic word hudna instead of the cessation of hostilities, including in some of its English-language statements.